Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) are the basic building blocks of physical literacy. Running, jumping, throwing, catching - these are some of the fundamental movement skills that help children move with confidence, enjoy physical activity and succeed in sport.
When we teach children to read, we first teach the ABC's, so they can learn to form words, make sentences, and write stories. It's the same with physical skills, we must first teach the fundamental movement skills so children will have the competence and confidence to try many different physical activities and sports.
Children need to learn and practice fundamental movement and sport skills throughout the time they are developing as infants and toddlers. That’s how their bodies learn to move and develop physical literacy.
Children need to learn FMS on ground, in and around water, on ice and snow, and in the air (typically when jumping).
There are three types of FMS - Body, Locomotor, and Object.
- Sliding / Skating